History of the Globe

The sphericality of the Earth was established with Greek astronomy in the 3rd century BC and the first earth appeared that period. The first known example is the Crater of Mallo in Cilicia (now Çukurova in modern Turkey) in the middle of the 2nd century BC.

No terrestrial ancient globe or middle age survived. An example of a surviving celestial globe is part of a Hellenistic sculpture called the Atlante Farnese, surviving in a Roman copy of the II century in the Archaeological Museum of Naples, Italy.

The first globes representing the entire Old World were built in the Islamic world. According to David Woodward, one of these examples was Globe presented by Persian Persian Beijing, Jamal ad-Din in 1267.

The first terrestrial globe existed in 1492 by Martin Behaim (1459-1537) with the help of painter Georg Glockendon. Behaim was a German mapper, navigator and trader. Working in Nuremberg, Germany, he called his “Nuremberg Earth Globe” world. It is now known as the Erdapfel. Before building the world, Behaim traveled a lot. He has lived in Lisbon since 1480, developing commercial interests and confusing with explorers and scientists. In 1485-1486, he sailed with Portuguese explorer Diogo Cão to the coast of West Africa. He started building his globe after returning to Nuremberg in 1490.

Another world soon, Hunt-Lenox Globe, ca. 1510, is thought to be the source of the phrase hic sunt leones, or “hic sunt leones”. Such a grapefruit size globe made of two halves of an ostrich egg was found in 2012 and is believed to be that of 1504. It may be the ancient world to show the New World. Stefaan Missine, who has analyzed the globe for the Washington Map Society Portolan newspaper, said it was “part of a major European collection for decades.” After a year of research where many experts consulted, Missine concluded that the Hunt-Lenox Globe was a Copper Egg Globe casting.

A fac-like globe that shows America was made by Martin Waldseemüller in 1507. Another world of “modern look” Earth was built by Taqi al-Din at the Taqi al-Din Istanbul observatory during the 1570s .

The world’s first seamless celestial world was built by Mughal scientists with the patronage of Jahangir.

Globus us, electromechanical devices, between five inches globes were used in Soviet and Russian 1961-2002 as navigational instruments. In 2001, the Soyuz TMA version replaced this tool for a virtual globe.

In the 1800s, small pocket globes (less than 3 inches) were a status symbol for educational toys for wealthy lords and children.